Glaucoma and Macular Degeneration Testing
Glaucoma and macular degeneration testing are important to detect and monitor these two potentially blinding eye conditions.
Glaucoma testing typically involves measuring the eye pressure, examining the optic nerve, and checking the visual field where appropriate. These tests can help detect early signs of the disease, allowing for prompt treatment and management to prevent further damage to the optic nerve. In addition, newer technologies like OCT scans (Optical Coherence Tomography) can provide detailed images of the optic nerve and can be used to monitor the progression of the disease over time.
Macular degeneration testing involves assessing the health and function of the macula, which is the part of the retina responsible for central vision. Testing may include an examination of the retina, measuring visual acuity, and using specialized tests like OCT scans and retinal photography. These tests can help detect early changes in the macula and monitor the progression of the disease over time.
Both of these conditions typically don't cause any symptoms in the early stages, thus regular eye examinations are important to detect these conditions early and prevent irreversible vision loss. Eye exams may be recommended more frequently for people at higher risk, such as those with a family history of glaucoma or macular degeneration, or those with other underlying health conditions like diabetes.